The Tsar professed to love the Russian people but he turned the other way when hungry workers were shot in St Petersburg (1905) or striking miners were machine-gunned in Siberia (1912). The 1905 Revolution. Nicholas’ throne had already been challenged by a premature Russian revolution, a decade before the outbreak of World War I.
The Russian Revolution of 1917, one of the most momentous developments in modern history, has naturally been a flashpoint of controversy. This is hardly surprising, given the fact that it involved masses of “ordinary” laboring people doing something so extraordinary—overturning oppressive rulers, pushing aside their exploiters, and trying to create something new—a society of the free.